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From the July 1961 issue of The Christian Science Journal

HIGHLIGHTED by reports of the Treasurer, Clerk, Committees, and general reports from the Field, the Annual Meeting of The Mother Church was held in Boston on June 5. Over seven thousand Christian Scientists from many sections of the globe assembled in the Extension of The Mother Church, in the Original Edifice, and in a nearby theater in order to hear the reports. Deep gratitude for Mary Baker Eddy, the Discoverer and Founder of Christian Science and the Leader of the Christian Science movement, and for the healing, saving mission of the Church which she established, characterized the assembly.

Following is a detailed account of the meeting.

The meeting opened with the singing from the Christian Science Hymnal of Hymn No. 256, "O'er waiting harpstrings of the mind," the words of which are by our Leader, Mary Baker Eddy. The retiring President, , then read passages from the Bible and the Christian Science textbook, "Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures" by Mrs. Eddy:

The Bible
Matt. 22:350
I John 2:8, 9
Rom. 12:1,2,9, 10

Science and Health
Pref. vii: 13-20

After a few moments of silent prayer, followed by the audible repetition of the Lord's Prayer, the congregation sang Hymn No. 41, "Come, labor on."

Mr. Eckman then announced the new officers of The Mother Church as follows: President, Mrs. , of Boston, Massachusetts; Treasurer, Roy Garrett Watson, of Brookline, Massachusetts; Clerk, Gordon V. Comer, of Boston, Massachusetts.

The retiring President, Mr. Eckman, then spoke as follows:

Fellow Members of The Mother Church:

Today the peoples of the world might lament as did Jeremiah of old, "Is there no balm in Gilead?" (8:22.) The Christian Scientist promptly and reassuringly asserts that there is a healing balm for all of the world's ills and that it is God's law of love, which must be invoked in humility and with abiding faith and clear understanding.

The Apostle Paul says in Romans, "Love worketh no ill to his neighbour: therefore love is the fulfilling of the law" (13:10). And in "Miscellaneous Writings," our dear Leader, Mary Baker Eddy, in her article "Love Your Enemies" admonishes, "We should measure our love for God by our love for man; and our sense of Science will be measured by our obedience to God,— fulfilling the law of Love, doing good to all; imparting, so far as we reflect them, Truth, Life, and Love to all within the radius of our atmosphere of thought" (p. 12).

Christian Scientists have learned that true, or spiritual, law is the Word of God, omnipotent, self-existent, self-enforcing, and that it is the will of God chronicled in the Holy Bible and interpreted and communicated to mankind in "Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures" by Mary Baker Eddy. The so-called miracle is the natural result of the operation of the law of Love. It is not an infringement or infraction of law. This universal law in operation is tender, gentle, compassionate, and redemptive. It says to one and all, Come ye to this fountain and partake freely of its abundance.

What is commonly accepted as human, or material, law claiming to operate in human experience, counterfeits the divine law and is merely the highest expression for the moment of mankind's sense of justice and order and so-called science. Christian Scientists do not revere this ever changing human sense of law; but they do value academics, and they respect and obey the laws of the land as good citizens. At the same time they are alert to their opportunity, nay, their duty, to strive in all proper ways to have human law partake of and pattern God's perfect law.

The prophet Isaiah, after rebuking the people roundly for their ritualistic observance of God's ordinances, asks, "Is not this the fast that I have chosen? to loose the bands of wickedness, to undo the heavy burdens, and to let the oppressed go free, and that ye break every yoke?" (58:6.)

Let us, then, humbly and prayerfully observe the true fast and constantly strive to fulfill our Leader's prophecy in our textbook when she writes: "During this final conflict, wicked minds will endeavor to find means by which to accomplish more evil; but those who discern Christian Science will hold crime in check. They will aid in the ejection of error. They will maintain law and order, and cheerfully await the certainty of ultimate perfection" (Science and Health, pp. 96, 97).

Mr. Eckman then introduced the incoming President, who delivered the following address:

Dear Fellow Members:

During Annual Meeting season Christian Scientists near and far turn with reverent appreciation toward The Mother Church, prayerfully affirming the exalted purpose its Founder, Mary Baker Eddy, set for it: to show mankind through our living of the Science of Christianity the possibility of actual redemption from the threats and frustrations of materiality.

That purpose is being fulfilled as Christian Science is becoming known and is being practiced in ever-widening circles under the protection of the collective strength of The Mother Church. Because we are in God's service, "the powers that be" (Rom. 13:1) are working for us and not against us!

Where is The Mother Church? Children in far-off Korea, standing in an unheated Sunday School room and singing, "O dreamer, leave thy dreams for joyful waking"! (Christian Science Hymnal, No. 202.) A humble peasant hut, high in the Swiss Alps, with a copy of The Herald of Christian Science on the table. Elsewhere, people turning to God secretly, in silent prayer, because Christian Science is forbidden in their land. And on all continents, in Christian Science churches—governed by the Manual of The Mother Church by Mrs. Eddy—congregations praising God in their own language! The Mother Church is with them all! "The people that walked in darkness have seen a great light" (Isa. 9:2).

In this uplifting, world-wide healing effort the littleness of personal sense yields to the realization of the limitless possibilities before us; the resistance of the carnal mind loses its vaunted claims in the proven presence of divine Love.

There has never been a more urgent need for an inspired view of the mission of The Mother Church and for giving ourselves wholly to it.

We can state the task before us clearly when we see that, basically, mankind needs awakening from the nightmare of belief in living matter and intelligent evil, from its confidence that matter can give satisfaction, that it holds the solution for all the diseases, iniquities, and inequalities of the human family. Christian Science brings this awakening and its wonderful blessings.

Every Christian Scientist knows in his heart that we participate in these blessings only as we participate in the actual work which brings them to others. This participation is action, love-impelled, missionary action, within the many channels of The Mother Church! Outgoing universal love is the way of this participation.

Our maturity as Christian Scientists and our usefulness as members of The Mother Church can be measured by our maturing appreciation of the stature of our Leader and also by our understanding of the place her book "Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures" occupies in the scientific and spiritual development of mankind. With the Bible and this book in our hands, their teachings in our hearts, with the demonstration of their truths in our lives, we can face alike, unashamed and unafraid, the disbelief of the devout religionist, the physical scientist, and the unhappy skeptic.

The impact of Mrs. Eddy's discovery on human thought was first discernible in the fields of theology and medicine; today we are beginning to see its effect on natural science—as taught in the schools. "The scientific statement of being" gives the final answer to all questions regarding man and the universe. Its Science is in its teaching of the utter unreality of matter or evil; its Christianity in its teaching of the allness of God. It is a statement of absolute Science on a religious basis.

While the writing of Science and Health demanded the broadest intellect, its very contents prove that it could not possibly have been the product of the human mind; it had to be a revelation. How else could a book published in 1875 and written by one who was neither a physicist nor a mathematician deal metaphysically with subjects that are today being wrestled with by some of the most advanced physicists?

It is in this book that matter was first identified as energy or force and as existing only in the supposititious realm of human concepts, not created by Spirit and not self created, hence without origin and without entity. It is in this book that time and space were first declared to be not objective realities but merely mortal measurements, as unreal as the false concepts they claim to measure. Were not these among the fundamental truths of being Christ Jesus understood and proved? All these great truths were but contributory facts to the greatest revelation of all: that of the allness of God as Spirit, or infinite Mind, who is the Life and Soul of His infinite universe.

Mrs. Eddy says in "Miscellaneous Writings," "The Science of omnipotence demonstrates but one power, and this power is good, not evil; not matter, but Mind" (p. 101).

It is becoming more and more important in this age, which is given so much to the admiration of material sciences and which demands reasoning from a material basis, that we hold intelligently to the fact that Christian Science is a pure Science, and a true revelation, one which is supported by the most exacting reason. If this is a scientific age, this is our time; this is the age of Christian Science, for this is the Science the world needs! And a church or an individual, like civilization itself, goes forward by rightly meeting the challenges which face it. Let us rise to that need! Let us go forward!

But here let us remember that mere intellectual reasoning does not lead to God; true reasoning must have in it the spark of religious feeling, a reaching out for something higher, holier, than mere logical deductions. And let us guard against that egotism, self-will, and shallowness that would cast us down from the pinnacle of Truth and Love. Each of us has by his membership in The Mother Church acknowledged himself to be a Christian Scientist; let us wear that name with honor!

To live our faith with constancy of purpose and loftiness of outlook is the noblest service to God and to our fellow men; it is therefore the highest success. If we will serve, more than ever before, as examples of the wonderful power of Christian Science to ennoble, spiritualize, and happify human life, if we will continue to prove the absolute power of divine Love to dissipate hatred, disease, poverty, and disaster, then we have the right to expect that all science and all theology, and through them all the world, will ultimately unite in the universal acceptance of the Science of the Christ and in loving gratitude to Mary Baker Eddy.

A Word from The Christian Science Board of Directors, Read by Arthur P. Wuth, First Reader

Many of you have traveled thousands of miles to be here this afternoon, and it is with real joy that we welcome you one and all from near and far. But our greeting goes further as we mentally clasp hands with every Christian Scientist the world over whose thought is eagerly reaching out to The Mother Church today. An imperishable bond of oneness strengthens and unites us as our lives are dedicated to the demonstration of man's divine Principle as revealed in Christian Science.

Our Annual Meeting is a call to action. The reports which you will hear will tell you of difficulties surmounted, of tasks accomplished, of demonstration, and of progress. They will fill your hearts with gratitude for membership in this great Mother Church. And they will do more than this. They will open your thought with eagerness to the challenges and opportunities that lie ahead and to the tasks that await your willing hands. The Mother Church is the demonstration of our beloved Leader, Mary Baker Eddy, and the fruit of her lifework. As we contemplate its might and beauty well may we say with the prophet Isaiah (33:20), "Look upon Zion, the city of our solemnities: thine eyes shall see Jerusalem a quiet habitation, a tabernacle that shall not be taken down; not one of the stakes thereof shall ever be removed, neither shall any of the cords thereof be broken."

Among the stirring headlines of our day there is no more vital news than the Christianity which our Master taught and practiced. In an age of political tyranny and ecclesiastical despotism, of turbulence, unrest, and hatred, Christ Jesus came preaching that the kingdom of God is at hand. He wielded a power which the might of materialism could neither parallel nor resist. He said that his teachings would set households at variance and nation against nation, and history shows that they have. He likened his doctrine to leaven which a woman hid in three measures of meal till the whole was leavened. He said (John 16:12), "I have yet many things to say unto you, but ye cannot bear them now." And then he foretold the coming of the Comforter.

Nearly a hundred years ago this prophecy was fulfilled. Mrs. Eddy's discovery of the Science of his teachings, which she named Christian Science, is the greatest event the world has witnessed since the Christian era began. Her discovery inaugurated an era of unprecedented change. The leaven is at work. The fermentation is going on. Humanity is crying out for freedom. Peoples are clamoring for liberty; nations are being born; the barriers of time and space are crumbling. The kingdom of God is appearing. In the fields of religion, government, education, discovery, invention, industry, and medicine, matter is slowly yielding to Spirit.

Mrs. Eddy foresaw this tremendous upheaval. She reminds us that we are in the midst of a revolution. When the original edifice of The Mother Church was dedicated, she pointed in her "Dedicatory Sermon" to the unprecedented changes the children would witness. The children of that day are the elders of today, and the changes are still going on with unpredictable acceleration. Who can foresee what the young people of today are destined to witness?

What is the role of the Church of Christ, Scientist, in this upheaval? What is the role of the individual Christian Scientist? Let us remember with gratitude that in founding The Mother Church, Mrs. Eddy provided that its branches encircle the world.

In a letter to The Mother Church in "Miscellaneous Writings" our Leader says (pp. 144, 145), "The Church, more than any other institution, at present is the cement of society, and it should be the bulwark of civil and religious liberty." Without cement the brick walls of a building, though beautifully patterned and carefully laid, would fall. Cement holds the bricks together with solidity. Is it not the role of The Mother Church to cement the brotherhood of man and to unify nations? This can only be done from a purely spiritual basis. A bulwark is an encircling wall of defense. Jesus proclaimed the invincibility of the true Church when he said (Matt. 16:18), "Upon this rock I will build my church; and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it."

Our Leader's inspired discernment of the spiritual Church as divine idea, emanating from Principle, complete in Mind, and founded on Truth, gave her the vision and the wisdom whereby to establish The Mother Church to elevate and bless the race. Every By-Law in the Manual of The Mother Church is the result of her self abnegation and spiritual communion, of her obedience and love, and reflects the unerring wisdom of Mind. The Manual will stand, and the Church our Leader founded will stand with it "till all be fulfilled" (Matt. 5:18). Our movement is secure, for The Mother Church prefigures on earth the Church Universal and Triumphant. The Mother Church will not have completed its mission until in the fullness of demonstration it is, with its branches, the one and only Church, and the Science of Christianity, discovered by Mary Baker Eddy, is universally accepted as the final revelation and the one and only religion on this planet.

And what of the individual church member? What can he do to further this great Cause? In the Book of Ecclesiastes (9: 13-15) is found the story of a little city fiercely besieged by a great king. Yet in the city was "a poor wise man"—just one— who by his wisdom delivered the city. Does not this point to the important role of the individual member? Jesus said (Matt. 5: 3), "Blessed are the poor in spirit: for theirs is the kingdom of heaven." The poor wise man was rich in wisdom. He did not have the physical weapons of the great enemy king—nor did he need them— but he had at his command the full resources of divine Mind, the resources of the kingdom of heaven, and he utilized them. Are we individually discharging the duties and opportunities of our membership with like devotion and zeal?

Mrs. Eddy pleads with us to pray daily for ourselves. She admonishes us to grow in spiritual understanding. In the Church Manual she pronounces it a duty for every member to defend himself daily against aggressive mental suggestion. If each member were strictly obeying this By-Law, this prayerful work would effectually nullify once and forever all the arguments of resistance, hatred, depletion, and strife that would try to find outlet within our ranks. Let each one turn the searchlight of self examination within and determine the measure of his obedience.

Mrs. Eddy says in "Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures" (p. 534), "There will be greater mental opposition to the spiritual, scientific meaning of the Scriptures than there has ever been since the Christian era began." Error hates more as it feels the power of Truth. But the Christian Scientist knows the omnipotence of good, the power of God. He has demonstrated the irresistibility of Love, and he is not dismayed. Let us remember that it took only one poor wise man to deliver the city through his vigilance, courage, and ready obedience; and let each daily feel within himself the responsibility to be that "poor wise man."

In the face of opposition and difficulty. our Leader proclaimed with divine surety in "Retrospection and Introspection" (p. 85), "The Cause, our Cause, is highly prosperous, rapidly spreading over the globe; and the morrow will crown the effort of to-day with a diadem of gems from the New Jerusalem." This promise is as true today as it was then. Let this be the message which echoes in our hearts from this Annual Meeting and which spurs us on to nobler effort, renewed consecration, and to higher and ever higher achievement. Let us be alert and strong to defeat the enemy, silence his venomous lies and break the apathy they would produce. Enfolding our loved Mother Church in the promise "not one of the stakes thereof shall ever be removed, neither shall any of the cords thereof be broken," let us go forth with increased strength to prove that Truth, and Truth alone, is triumphant.

Report of the Treasurer, Read by Roy Garrett Watson, Treasurer of The Mother Church

In accordance with the provisions of Article XXIV, Section 3, of the Manual of The Mother Church by Mary Baker Eddy, the Treasurer reported the amount of funds which the Church had on hand, the amount of its indebtedness, and the amount of its expenditures for the year ended April 30, 1961. The report indicated that apart from current bills and accrued taxes The Mother Church has no outstanding indebtedness.

The books of the Church Treasurer were audited by the firm of Ernst & Ernst, and the auditor's certificate reads as follows:

We have examined the records of the Treasurer of The Mother Church, The First Church of Christ, Scientist, in Boston, Massachusetts, as of April 30, 1961, and for the year then ended.

We have also examined the Treasurer's Report in accordance with Section 3 of Article XXIV of the Manual. In our opinion, the financial information therein furnished with respect to the amount of unexpended and uninvested cash funds, the amount of indebtedness, and the amount of expenditures is correct.


The remainder of the Treasurer's report read substantially as follows:

It is a great privilege to witness the way in which the needs of this great organization are met year after year through the love of its members! Love is always reciprocal, and no greater manifestation of this tremendous fact can be found than that of The Mother Church, with its branches, embracing the entire world!

While the love which a member feels for The Mother Church is not limited, there are five ways in which this love can be expressed financially. First, there is the contribution to the annual per capita tax, for which our Leader, Mrs. Eddy, has provided in Article VIII, Section 13, of the Church Manual. This contribution, which is forwarded to the Church Treasurer in Boston each year, is not limited except that it shall not be less than one dollar. Second, members have the opportunity to provide for The Mother Church and its various activities by contributions and legacies. Third, a member may contribute to gifts sent The Mother Church by branch churches and societies. Fourth, he may contribute to gifts made by the students' association of which he is a member. Fifth, last but not least, he has the privilege of complying with the By-Law in the Church Manual (Art. VIII, Sect. 14) whereby Mrs. Eddy provides that "It shall be the privilege and duty of every member, who can afford it, to subscribe for the periodicals which are the organs of this Church."

That Love is expressed in love is a law of reciprocity, which includes the recipient, the giver, and the gift itself. Divine Love sustains The Mother Church; and through their reflection of this infinite Love, members are supporting the various activities of this Church, which are overflowing in blessings not only to the Church and its members but to the whole human family. Through their financial contributions, as well as through their loving, prayerful work, members are helping The Mother Church to carry out the practical and benevolent purposes for which its many activities have been established; for example, the operation of its three charitable institutions, the continuance of its television and radio programs, the furtherance of the Christian Science Activities for the Armed Services, and the assistance extended from its Relief Fund to those in need because of emergencies arising from time to time. This is to mention but a few of the ways in which The Mother Church is meeting the needs of mankind through its widespread activities. Thus through its redemptive and healing ministrations, The Mother Church is fulfilling its mission and giving convincing proof to increasing numbers that Christian Science as taught by Mrs. Eddy, its Discoverer and Founder, is indeed the Comforter promised by our Master, Christ Jesus. Of this Church, Mrs. Eddy has written in "Pulpit and Press" (p. 20), "From first to last The Mother Church seemed type and shadow of the warfare between the flesh and Spirit, even that shadow whose substance is the divine Spirit, imperatively propelling the greatest moral, physical, civil, and religious reform ever known on earth."

Report of Christian Science Trustees for Gifts and Endowments, Read by Roy Garrett Watson, Trustee and Treasurer

A most helpful service offered by The Mother Church to its members is that of the Christian Science Trustees for Gifts and Endowments. With this department, any member may establish a revocable trust of one thousand United States dollars ($1000) or more. Unless revoked, the entire amount of the principal of minimum trusts is expected ultimately to be a gift to The Mother Church, to be used as may be determined by The Christian Science Board of Directors for the promotion and extension of the religion of Christian Science as taught by our Leader, Mary Baker Eddy. In trusts of $2000 or more, it is expected that a major portion of the principal of the trust will eventually be given to The Mother Church.

If the donor so desires, a trust may be withdrawn in whole or in part if a minimum of $1000 is maintained. Additions in amounts of $50 or more may also be made at any time. Earned income is paid to the donor quarterly, and the only charge made for administering a trust is 5 per cent of the earned income.

Revocable and irrevocable trusts are available to Christian Science students' associations. A revocable trust may be established by a branch church or society, but no part of the principal of such trusts becomes the property of The Mother Church.

Requests for information regarding trusts should be addressed to Roy Garrett Watson, Treasurer, 107 Falmouth Street, Boston 15, Massachusetts.

Our revered Leader, Mary Baker Eddy, tells us that "Love impels good works" (Miscellaneous Writings, p. 358). It is the prayerful endeavor of the Trustees to reflect this Love in the performance of their duties, for this trusteeship, like all the activities of our beloved Mother Church, is designed to serve and to bless.

Report of the Clerk, Read by Gordon V. Comer, Clerk of The Mother Church

Our Annual Meeting is the time at which we report the progress of our beloved Cause. There are many evidences of this progress, and we are grateful.

To the thousands of men, women, and young people, now twelve years of age or older who have united with The Mother Church this year, we extend a cordial welcome. We know that membership will aid their growth Spiritward and help them gain an ever clearer realization of the kingdom of heaven within.

In her sermon "The People's Idea of God," our Leader, Mary Baker Eddy, writes (p. 1), "Every step of progress is a step more spiritual." The Clerk of The Mother Church has many opportunities to observe this because of the great number of letters received from members all over the world. Many of these letters tell of healings realized and of greater freedom experienced. Healing is progress. It is the most impressive progress that can be recorded. Our Church is built upon healing, and the increased evidence of it bears witness to the fact stated by our Leader in "Miscellaneous Writings" (p. 235), "In Christian Science, progress is demonstration, not doctrine." The extent to which each member of The Mother Church demonstrates healing furthers the progress of our Cause—progress that is sound and basic.

Christian Science is true Science. It is not a speculative theory. It is demonstrable in the experience of each one of us. To avail oneself fully of its blessings, it is necessary, however, to understand Christian Science as Science. One may experiment with a theory, but he can approach a problem in Science with absolute certainty of its successful solution.

Daily we receive letters rejoicing over errors overcome—discouragement stilled, joy experienced, freedom from limitations realized. Letters come from faraway places telling of extraordinary ways by which Christian Science has come to the attention of those writing us. Frequently they ask about membership.

Membership in The Mother Church and in a branch church or society is important. It allies one with the greatest power for good in the world today. True Church points to universal salvation, and membership enlists one in this great spiritual crusade. Membership is a challenging and rewarding experience. We have prepared a folder entitled "How to Become a Member of The Mother Church," which will be helpful to inquirers. You are welcome to as many copies as you can use.

Christian Science Activities for the Armed Services reports as follows:

These words by Mrs. Eddy, written in 1889 to report the growth of our movement, may be used today to describe this activity. They may be found in "Miscellaneous Writings" (p. 150):"The outlook is cheering. We have already seen the salvation of many people by means of Christian Science."

The eleven Christian Science Chaplains in the Armed Forces, together with the field workers in this department of The Mother Church—three hundred and sixty five Christian Science Ministers and ninety six Representatives—are bringing the redeeming, healing influence of the Christ to Christian Science service personnel and their families at military installations in thirty-one regions around the world. Ministers are also calling upon hospitalized veterans who have requested Christian Science treatment and are bringing them comfort and healing.

Christian Science Armed Services committees in branch churches and societies are doing important work in helping to orient young men and women for military service, keeping in communication with these individuals while in uniform and welcoming them at church services.

Our local activities have also had an active year:

The Mother Church Sunday School reports that today's young people are questioning widely and are eager to learn how to demonstrate Christian Science. The truths taught in the Sunday School under the provisions of the Manual of The Mother Church by Mrs. Eddy meet every demand made upon them by the pupils. This fact provides both teachers and pupils with an incentive to broaden and deepen their own understanding. We cannot stand still. We have evidence that much healing work goes on in the Sunday School, and we rejoice greatly over this. Mrs. Eddy writes, "The student who heals by teaching and teaches by healing, will graduate under divine honors, which are the only appropriate seals for Christian Science" (ibid., p. 358).

This is the aim of The Mother Church Sunday School.

Our Local Literature Activities Division is now making noncurrent periodicals available to cargo vessels using the port of Boston. For this purpose the periodicals are arranged in specially designed wire racks, packed in separate cartons, and mailed to the steamship lines, which take them to the designated vessels along with other first class mail, thus assuring their delivery.

New distribution boxes for displaying the periodicals other than The Christian Science Monitor are now in use and may be seen with the harbor racks at the Division's office at 222 Massachusetts Avenue, Boston.

That our periodicals should be widely distributed and read is important today. Steps have been taken to make noncurrent Monitors available to as many foreign students as possible who are attending colleges and universities in our local area.


The Psalmist sang, "Behold, how good and how pleasant it is for brethren to dwell together in unity!" (Ps. 133:1.) In these stirring days of world upheaval, the unity and strength of Christian Scientists who look to God in every need and never in vain are a mighty force for good.

In "Miscellaneous Writings," Mrs. Eddy says (p. 135), "Christians, and all true Scientists, marching under whatsoever ensign, come into the ranks!" She continues, "Our watchwords are Truth and Love; and if we abide in these, they will abound in us, and we shall be one in heart,—one in motive, purpose, pursuit."

Report of the Trustees under the Will of Mary Baker Eddy, Read by Charles Henry Gabriel, Publishers' Agent

The Trustees under the Will of Mary Baker Eddy, entrusted with carrying out her provision for the publication of her writings and the administration of the trust fund established under Clause 8 of her Will, report continued activity and progress in the promotion and extension of the religion of Christian Science. Financial assistance has been given to branches of The Mother Church throughout the world and for the publication of new translations of our Leader's works.

From the income of the trust fund, the Trustees have expended $292,000 in aiding branches to dedicate and enlarge their edifices and to build new Sunday School rooms. Contributions are also made toward the cost of authorized Christian Science literature for lending libraries, to meet the expense of giving a lecture, and to further free literature distribution. These expenditures, together with disbursements amounting to $233,000 for other benevolent activities, make a total of $525,000 spent this year to forward the growth of branch churches. The sum of $167,836 was voluntarily refunded to the trust fund to repay church building grants.

Endeavoring to reach out impartially to the people of every nation where there is an "ear to hear" (Isa. 50:4), the Trustees this year authorized the translation of some of Mrs. Eddy's writings into several languages, including "Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures" into Italian; the Manual of The Mother Church into Danish; and "Rudimental Divine Science" and "No and Yes," soon to be released, into Polish. Recordings of Mrs. Eddy's hymns were published for the first time in German and French. Also recorded was the Talking Book "Unity of Good," complete on five records. The 1961 Christmas Card in three languages becomes available today along with a beautiful new edition of "What Christmas Means to Me."

In co-operation with branch churches the Trustees advertised Science and Health in seventy-one areas, including Great Britain, Canada, Germany, Australia, the Netherlands, and South Africa.

In Science and Health, Mrs. Eddy says: "Millions of unprejudiced minds—simple seekers for Truth, weary wanderers, athirst in the desert—are waiting and watching for rest and drink. Give them a cup of cold water in Christ's name, and never fear the consequences" (p. 570). Ever mindful of these challenging words, the Trustees lovingly remind each member of The Mother Church of his individual privilege of seeking opportunities to present our precious textbook to those who are prepared to receive it and who are not yet familiar with the blessings it brings.

Report of Committees on Publication, Read by Will B. Davis, Manager

At present there is an increasing trend to enact legislation designed to take care of all the health needs of the people. This has made it necessary for our Committees on Publication to seek, in many legislatures, through amendments to laws, provisions which will continue to protect Christian Scientists and their children from the increasing compulsory medical requirements. During the past year we have had in our legislative work several outstanding victories. In one state, where complete exemption for our children from all forms of vaccination and inoculation was won, our Committee on Publication writes, "The results of this victory are much more far reaching than the benefits gained by those exemptions, great as they are; for the united effort on the part of Christian Scientists which was needed cannot fail to impart a forward impetus to our Cause in this state."

A recent survey shows that more than two hundred colleges and universities are now honoring our exemption form releasing students who are Christian Scientists from various medical requirements. These exemptions have been obtained largely by students who are Christian Scientists requesting such exemptions. This result emphasizes the importance of Christian Scientists' seeking exemptions and making use of the exemptions already obtained.

An increasing number of employers have this year included provisions in their contracts for group health insurance plans recognizing Christian Science treatment and care. We feel that many more business institutions would be willing to grant such recognition in their group insurance contracts if their employees who are Christian Scientists request it.

There is much evidence of the healing and corrective work being accomplished by our radio and television series, "How Christian Science Heals." As a result of the programs, we have received many reports of newcomers attending our Reading Rooms and church services and placing their children in the Sunday Schools. During the past year healings have been reported from people who became interested in Christian Science through our programs. These healings include those of goiter, cancer, poor eyesight, arthritis, unemployment, alcoholism, and indigestion.

Another important aspect of Committee on Publication activity is the supplying of correct information to non-Christian Scientists. This year we released a half-hour film called "The Story of Christian Science" to be shown to interested groups. Our Committees receive invitations to explain Christian Science from groups of many kinds throughout the world. The overseas countries in which informal addresses to non Christian Scientists were given in the past year include the Union of South Africa, the Netherlands, Scotland, England, Germany, Switzerland, Norway, New Zealand, Japan, and Australia.

Opportunities to make Christian Science better known continue to unfold in other ways. This year information on Christian Science was requested from various sources, including a medical journal, an encyclopedia for young people, and a widely read religious magazine; and an invitation was received to explain Christian Science at a conference on spiritual healing sponsored by a major denomination.

May I close with these words by Mary Baker Eddy from "Miscellaneous Writings" (p. 110): "We may well unite in thanksgiving for the continued progress and unprecedented prosperity of our Cause. It is already obvious that the world's acceptance and the momentum of Christian Science, increase rapidly as years glide on."

The congregation then sang Hymn No. 204, "O Father, Thy kingdom is come upon earth."

Report of The Christian Science Board of Lectureship, Read by Miss Lela May Aultman

Many church members, recognizing that the purpose of a Christian Science lecture is to enlighten the community, have made a special effort to invite those who are strangers to Christian Science, using various dignified and effectual avenues for announcing the lecture to their neighbors. One of the best ways to attract newcomers to our lectures is through personal invitation.

A Christian Science lecture has a powerful healing effect for the individual and for the community. It destroys apathy, indifference, and prejudice and results in physical healing to the individual. Many reports have been received during the past year confirming this. They tell of physical healings, liberation from lack and discord, and of reunited homes. A Reading Room reported about fifty visitors following one lecture.

In one instance a group of particularly responsive listeners attended a lecture in spite of a heavy blizzard. They understood Mrs. Eddy's admonition (Miscellaneous Writings, p. 342):"Seek Truth, and pursue it. It should cost you something." Many reported that they had received blessings in proportion to their earnest seeking.

Attendance at lectures continues to show an improved trend. Also, there has been a marked increase in attendance of Sunday School pupils, and they are good listeners. A number of churches find that the pupils give enthusiastic service at lectures as cloakroom and parking attendants.

There is evidence that interest in Christian Science continues to grow among young people. This is noticeable especially in lectures sponsored by university and college organizations.

New enthusiasm awakened by the London edition of The Christian Science Monitor resulted in increased attendance at lectures in Great Britain, with many new inquirers.

In Lausanne, Switzerland, the French translation of the lecture was printed in a local newspaper. This was the first time a lecture had been printed there for fifteen years.

The autumn South American tour included the first lectures to be given in Santa Fe and EI Dorado, Argentina; also, the first lecture to be sponsored by a college organization in South America.

In Australia and New Zealand the lectures were attended by large, appreciative audiences. There was evidence of an increased awakening to the close relationship of the branches to The Mother Church.

The Mother Church sponsored a lecture for the informal group holding regular services in Jerusalem, Jordan. This group consists entirely of native Jordanians and has a flourishing Sunday School.

The members of the Board of Lectureship are deeply grateful for the metaphysical support given to the lectures by church members. This support establishes a mental atmosphere which blesses both lecturer and audience, and its fruitage is abundant.

Report of the Trustees of The Christian Science Publishing Society, Read by John H. Hoagland, Manager

Last November The Christian Science Monitor initiated one of the greatest steps forward since its founding by Mary Baker Eddy. At that time it became the world's first newspaper which printed its pages simultaneously in three widely separated cities. This notable achievement provided for its readers in many areas a new improved delivery system.

The Monitor is now available in Great Britain and in many parts of the United States on approximately the date of publication. This new delivery program establishes four distribution centers in the world instead of one—Boston, London, Chicago, and Los Angeles—and moves the Monitor surface mail delivery nearer to thousands of subscribers, according to the nearness of their homes to one of these four centers. It is bringing to our readers the Monitor's view of the news in sufficient time to be usefully and effectively focused on the needs of the hour.

Christian Scientists, working through their churches and societies, co-operating eagerly and energetically and with inspired purpose, have added approximately 75,000 new families to the regular Monitor subscription lists.

An enthusiastic subscriber in Southern California writes: "Today it happened! The mailman brought a copy of today's Christian Science Monitor to our door in California. After some twenty-five years of looking upon the Monitor as a very dear but rather tardy friend, I was thrilled. My wife handed me the paper as I came in. I sat right down and eagerly scanned its up to-the-minute pages. They fairly crackled with newness. I'm going to double my usual time spent with the Monitor each day. You said that you would do it. You did it!"

An appreciative reader in England writes: "We must let you know what a great thrill it is to us to be receiving our fresh Monitor daily. We feel so grateful to be having a part in this wonderful forward move, and we know it will have far-reaching effects. As it has made a marked difference in the first days, what will the harvest be?"

From Switzerland:"I could not let pass another day before expressing to you on my behalf and on the part of others the gratitude we have for the beautiful unfoldment about our beloved Christian Science Monitor. I cannot tell you in words what it means to have our newspaper arriving so promptly in Geneva."

The new Monitor delivery program provides enlarged effectiveness in serving our advertisers. Christian Scientists are rallying to a broader support of advertising and advertisers.

The Herald of Christian Science, in its various editions, is reaching out to many lands in many languages. The Heralds are designed to meet the specific needs of the peoples to which their special texts are devoted. They contain sufficient articles, editorials, and testimonies to awaken and sustain a working interest in Christian Science in those who read them. We rejoice that the Heralds are receiving the special support of Christian Scientists who are aware of their tremendous missionary value in extending the Cause of Christian Science and blessing all humanity.

The Christian Science Quarterly Bible Lessons continue to prove themselves priceless and indispensable. One student writes, "My family and I have been greatly inspired by the Lesson-Sermons, when we seemed to have need for such help in working out a problem deemed by medical science to be incurable."

Of The Christian Science Journal and the Christian Science Sentinel, a reader says: "From the day these periodicals entered our home, there has never been a minute of lack. We have been blessed in many, many ways, and I surely could not get along without them."

A Sentinel reader writes: "One day at business I fell down a flight of stairs, and my toe was broken and my ankle bruised. I tried to hold to the thought that man has never fallen from his high estate; but when I reached home about four hours later I was hardly able to walk. The thought came to me so strongly to pick up the Christian Science Sentinel. I did so and read and absorbed it until I could see myself clearly as God's spiritual reflection; and then all sense of pain left me. I was able to go to business the next day, and by noon I felt my toe straighten itself, and I was completely healed."

This is one of many letters from readers which plainly verify the indispensability of the Christian Science Sentinel to Christian Scientists. In referring to the naming of the periodicals, our beloved Leader writes, "The second I entitled Sentinel, intended to hold guard over Truth, Life, and Love" (The First Church of Christ, Scientist, and Miscellany, p. 353). She placed on its front cover Jesus' injunction to watch. In these significant times the privilege and opportunity of watching are enhanced for those who read each week the inspiring articles, editorials, and testimonies in the Sentinel. The habitual use of the contents of each issue strengthens, sustains, and fortifies Christian Scientists to carry out their duty to God, to their Leader, and to mankind.

For The Christian Science Publishing Society, as for the Field, we recognize today that our richest blessings of progress lie before us. In "Miscellaneous Writings," our beloved Leader asks (p. 176):"Are we duly aware of our own great opportunities and responsibilities? Are we prepared to meet and improve them, to act up to the acme of divine energy wherewith we are armored?" We eagerly answer affirmatively.

Report of Department of Branches and Practitioners, Read by Norman B. Holmes, Manager

The world-wide redemptive influence of Christian Science rousing mankind from darkness into light is clearly seen in many areas of our great movement, supporting with signs following the declaration of our Leader, Mary Baker Eddy, as stated in "The First Church of Christ, Scientist, and Miscellany" (p. 3), "This Science is a law of divine Mind, a persuasive animus, an unerring impetus, an ever-present help."

The Application Division reports that during the past five years there has been a steady increase in the number of practitioners approved for listing in the various editions of The Herald of Christian Science. This year there have been three times as many approved as in 1957. New practitioners have been listed in The Christian Science Journal in many parts of the world, including South Africa, Australia, and New Zealand, as well as the United States and Canada.

The number of branches of The Mother Church now stands at an all-time high of three thousand two hundred and seventy three. This figure includes new branches in Ghana, West Africa, and Uruguay.

This year the supervisor of the Reading Room Division has held several workshop meetings in the Field, sharing helpful information with respect to Reading Room policies and procedures. A number of librarians report increased attendance and sales, a greater number of books lent, and substantial healings. Many branches are relocating Reading Rooms in business centers where they can be of greater service to the community. During the past four years the number of Reading Rooms has increased at the rate of one every two weeks.

The Sunday School Division Supervisor has held regional workshop meetings in the Field, inspiring and encouraging Sunday School teachers to consecrate themselves anew and to lift the standard of teaching. Fruitage from these meetings shows more earnest preparation on the part of teachers and, in some instances, a much larger attendance of pupils. A number of churches are reporting that improvement in the quality of the teaching is making the Sunday School more interesting to the pupils and enabling them to put into practice what they are learning.

The College Organization Division reports that the number of organizations has increased to two hundred and forty. The first college organization in South America has recently been established at the University of Buenos Aires, Argentina. There are now two organizations in South Africa. During the year the Supervisor of this Division and his assistant held workshop meetings with students on one hundred and seventy different campuses in the United States and Canada. More of our young people than ever before are participating in college organization activities and are availing themselves of the privilege of membership in The Mother Church. They are enlarging their spiritual perception, proving the practical power of Christian Science to meet the challenges of college life and to develop scholarship and leadership qualities.

This year members of more than twenty five hundred branches in fifty-one countries heard the Tuesday Evening Meeting, "Our Daily Duties," by means of tape recordings in English, French, and German, or manuscript readings translated into Danish, Dutch, Portuguese, Spanish, and Swedish. Letters reveal a feeling of oneness with The Mother Church which the recorded meetings have brought, and many healings have been reported as a result of listening to the message.

During the year four Assistants to the Manager have participated in five hundred and sixty-one workshop meetings held in branches in this country, Canada, and the British Isles, keynoting church activity and progress and stressing the importance of individual daily prayerful work for church. More selfless unity in church affairs, broader community usefulness, a strengthening of the Wednesday evening testimony meetings with more in attendance, and other examples of growth and progress have been reported as a result of these meetings.

Thus is our Church fulfilling our Leader's desire expressed in her message to First Church, Concord, New Hampshire (Miscellany, p. 155):"May it catch the early trumpet-call, take step with the twentieth century, leave behind those things that are behind, lay down the low laurels of vainglory, and, pressing forward in the onward march of Truth, run in joy, health, holiness, the race set before it, till, home at last, it finds the full fruition of its faith, hope, and prayer."

Report of the Trustees of the Charitable Institutions, Read by Mrs. Lucile Walrod Dahlager, of Anchorage, Alaska

The three charitable institutions maintained and operated by The Mother Church have a useful and important place in the fulfillment of the divine plan of universal salvation revealed to mankind by our beloved Leader, Mary Baker Eddy. In her book "Retrospection and Introspection" (p. 52) she speaks of her endeavors to broaden the healing activities of her Church, and she adds, "At the same time I have worked to provide a home for every true seeker and honest worker in this vineyard of Truth." We are grateful to report that the spiritual animus which inspires our charitable institutions is becoming better understood by Christian Scientists, with a corresponding increase in the healing work which these institutions are carrying on.

It is now over forty years since the Benevolent Association at Chestnut Hill, Massachusetts, opened its doors. Mrs. Eddy herself authorized the establishment of this much-loved institution. It was followed some years later by the opening of a sister institution at San Francisco, California, to serve a large section of the country remote from Boston. In obedience to our Leader's expressed desire to provide a home for elderly workers, The Christian Science Pleasant View Home, Concord, New Hampshire, was opened in 1927. In their different ways all three institutions share a single purpose—to support and strengthen the healing ministry of Christian Science. This they do, not only by providing appealing accommodation for those who need what they so lovingly offer, but also at the two Sanatoriums by training nurses and equipping them to perform the invaluable duties of their calling.

We cannot overrate the fruitage which has been accomplished through our institutions. Not only is there a steady harvest of demonstrated healing, but they have provided a great host of Christian Scientists with congenial surroundings for needed study and spiritual refreshment. In addition they have been a home for many who might otherwise have found themselves unwillingly compelled to accept medical shelter and care. In the year just ended the Chestnut Hill and San Francisco institutions have accommodated 486 guests requiring nursing care and 6,129 guests who came for rest and study.

Our institutions are charitable in the fullest sense. To operate the facilities which the two Sanatoriums provide costs much more than the amounts charged to guests. Every guest is therefore the recipient of loving benevolence, made possible by the generous financial support of Christian Scientists. Additional benevolence is available for those needing nursing care who are not able to meet the usual charges. In the past year the amount received from guests was $659,410, and the cost of operation was $1,457,480. The deficit of $798,070 was made up from legacies and gifts and from funds of The Mother Church.

At the Pleasant View Home permanent accommodation is provided for practitioners and nurses of advancing years who have served our Cause for a long period. The entire operating cost of this institution is met by gifts and legacies. It amounted to $339,220 for the year ended April 30, 1961. The residents at Pleasant View are a happy group of devoted workers who rejoice in the freedom which the home affords them to continue in the service of our Cause. Supplementary funds made available to The Mother Church are used to give financial assistance to a number of elderly practitioners and nurses in their own homes.

During the year just ended twenty-two nurses have completed their training at the two Sanatoriums and have taken up their career of Christian Science nursing in the Field. At present there are 101 student nurses receiving training. Home nursing service in obstetrical cases is now available at both Sanatoriums.

A continuous process of repairs and replacements, as well as ordinary maintenance, is in effect at all three institutions. This year the associates' building at Chestnut Hill is being newly furnished and decorated. The generosity of Christian Scientists has enabled us to maintain the highest standards of dignity, comfort, and beauty throughout the buildings and properties.

This report must not conclude without again referring to the works of healing through Christian Science which are being demonstrated day by day in our charitable institutions. Guests and residents have been healed of many serious ailments; harmony has been demonstrated where discord seemed to prevail; burdens of grief have been lifted. Again and again we have seen splendid proofs of the healing presence of the Comforter. It is natural to expect that Christian Scientists will make use of the available facilities in increasing measure and that their songs of gratitude will multiply. In "Miscellaneous Writings" (p. 50), our dear Leader tells us, "The human affections need to be changed from self to benevolence and love for God and man; changed to having but one God and loving Him supremely, and helping our brother man."

The Trustees are profoundly grateful for all that is being accomplished in our charitable institutions and for all the support, financial and metaphysical, which they are constantly receiving. They take this opportunity too to express their gratitude for the loyal, devoted service of the managers and associates at Chestnut Hill, San Francisco, and Concord. These faithful workers are bearing daily witness to the healing Christ, Truth, in Christian Science.

Reports from the Field

Inspiring reports have been received by The Mother Church from branch churches and societies throughout the world, indicating that many young people are applying for membership in the church; that Christian Science lectures are being heard for the first time by many people; that there is active participation at Wednesday evening meetings, with outstanding testimonies of healing, and that the financial needs of branch churches are being met quickly and adequately.

These were read by Mrs. May Rimes Hutson, of Washington, D. C, and Alaister G. Smith, of San Francisco, California.

Christian Science Society, Bombay, India, happily reports the increased sale of the Concordances, the Christian Science Quarterly, and the biographies of Mary Baker Eddy. It writes that early in November it held open house for two days in the Reading Room. The books were tastefully displayed. A section presented the activity and growth of our newspaper, coinciding with the plan for more rapid delivery of The Christian Science Monitor. Many visitors not only enjoyed the exhibit, but remained to read. Appreciation was evident in new subscriptions to the Monitor and a good sale of the books. The loan library has had a greater demand for books than ever before.

Christian Science Organization, Columbia University, New York City, reports that the organization has enlarged the scope of its customary activities. When its finances were reduced to practically nothing, a check was received from a hitherto unknown alumna. This generous contribution enabled it to set up a permanent lecture fund and invite a lecturer for the spring semester. It will be the first time in many years that a second lecture has been given at Columbia.

From nearby Cambridge, Massachusetts, First Church reports: "Our visiting committee has acquired three portable record players which are kept at the Reading Room and loaned, together with the Science and Health Talking Book and other records from the lending library, to persons interested in Christian Science who are confined to their homes or who are unable to read. A record player and records were taken to a Christian Scientist of advanced years living with relatives who are not Christian Scientists. She was in bed, depressed and ill. Two weeks later she was up, joyous and well, as a result of listening to the records every day."

Eighth Church, London, England, is grateful for the visit of a representative of The Mother Church. They write that the workshop meeting he held with them "has made us more deeply conscious of your loving concern for branch churches everywhere. The purpose of the meeting was fulfilled, and our members now carry with them a larger vision of the meaning of Church in our community and a renewal of inspiration which can lead only to progress and active going forward in all our endeavors."

Second Church, Buenos Aires, Argentina, is happy to report that there has been good activity in its field during the past year and that Christian Science has been brought to public notice by many references and articles in the local press. It is grateful for the bond of unity between The Mother Church and its branches. It feels that this unity has been tangibly expressed through its active lecture season, by the recorded meeting for The Christian Science Monitor, the tape recording of the Tuesday Evening Meeting in The Mother Church, and the regular flow of Christian Science literature.

Second Church, Capetown, South Africa, sends joyous greetings and states: "This year has been marked by achievement— the completion of our new church edifice, accompanied by evidence of spiritual growth and more joyous activity."

First Church, Peoria, Illinois, writes: "During the past year, all but one of the persons accepted as members in our church are those experiencing the rich rewards of membership in a Christian Science church for the first time. These new members are promising and devoted. Again this year some of our members have availed themselves of the opportunity for class teaching."

Appreciation is expressed by First Church, Brisbane, Australia, for the television series, "How Christian Science Heals." It writes that many favorable comments have been received. "Some families are coming to church as a result of viewing the series, and already copies of our textbook, 'Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures' by Mary Baker Eddy, have been loaned to newcomers." The board is aware that the increased publicity due to the series places a growing demand upon its church to demonstrate Christian Science.

Second Church, New York City, writes: "During recent years, as we faced the problem of a rapidly deteriorating church neighborhood, the importance of including the community in our prayers was brought out at a number of membership inspirational meetings. Our church neighborhood is improving. More newcomers have attended our lectures and church services. As young people in our church have been given more responsibilities and performed them well, more young people have attended our church and applied for membership. Formerly inactive members have begun to participate in church work again and to share the joy of their unfoldment."

Christian Science Society, Redmond, Washington, states that it has moved to a new location. It reports: "From the time negotiations for the purchase were started until the building and property were paid for, less than a year had passed. Our old building was sold during this time also. Throughout the entire transaction there was never a negative vote cast, all members working together in unity and harmony. Dedication of the church edifice was held Sunday, September 11, at two services. We are grateful for increased attendance at both the Sunday services and Wednesday testimony meetings, a larger enrollment in Sunday School, and an increase in membership."

First Church, Djakarta, Indonesia, writes that the past year has been full of blessings for its church. The first Indonesian service was held on February 7, 1960. Since that time enlarged attendance at all services has been recorded, resulting in a total increase in 1960 over 1959 of 34 per cent at Sunday services and 55 per cent at Wednesday testimony meetings.

With humble gratitude, First Church, Oradell, New Jersey, reports that after many years of prayerful desire, it moved its Reading Room from the church edifice to a beautiful downtown ground-floor location on perhaps the most traveled sidewalk in the town. At times the project might have appeared overwhelming had it not been for the continuous and wholehearted metaphysical and financial support and constant trust in God's goodness and guidance evidenced by the members. In the first month the new Reading Room had more visitors than had been the case in a year previously, and the number has continued at this high level.

This past year has been one of great progress for First Church, Carmichael, California. It has completed the third year in its new edifice and marked this milestone by erecting a new Sunday School building. The need was great, as the Sunday School was filled to overflowing at two sessions each Sunday.

We wish time permitted us to share with you many more of the outstanding reports that have been received, and for which we thank you. Some of these will appear during the year in the Christian Science Sentinel.

Incidents of Christian Science Healing, Read by Mrs. Lulu M. Knight, of Chicago, Illinois

Verified testimonies, illustrating the efficacy of Christian Science to heal the sick and reform the sinner, were read. These accounts, sent in by men and women from various parts of the world, contain expressions of the deep gratitude of the testifiers for the power of God, which is capable of overcoming every type of discord. Among the healings recounted were those of lockjaw and a physical breakdown; an exophthalmic goiter; cyanosis, or a blue baby; asthma; an open wound in the leg; abdominal, back, and leg trouble; a tumor; tuberculosis; and use of alcoholic beverages.

The meeting closed with the singing of the Doxology.

New President of The Mother Church

Mrs. Mary Lee Gough Nay, C.S.B., of Boston, Massachusetts, is a native of Texas. Although she prepared herself from early childhood for the concert stage as a violinist, she received her academic education in Ward Seminary, in Nashville, Tennessee, and at the University of Texas. She also took special work at the University of Chicago.

A member of a pioneer Christian Science family, she attended the Christian Science Sunday School from the time she was a small child. In 1915 she joined The Mother Church and Second Church of Christ, Scientist, Chicago, Illinois, where she is still a member. That year she received Primary class instruction from a student of Mary Baker Eddy and shortly afterward left her musical career to devote her entire time to the practice of Christian Science healing. She became a practitioner listed in The Christian Science Journal in 1918. She has been continuously active, serving her branch church in various capacities, including that of Second Reader and member of its board of trustees.

In 1946 she was a member of the Normal class of the Board of Education and became an authorized teacher of Christian Science.

The Christian Science Board of Lectureship

The list of lecturers elected to serve on The Christian Science Board of Lectureship during 1961-1962 is as follows:

Aultman, Miss Lela May, C. S. B., Denver, Colorado

Bailey, Arch, C. S., San Francisco, California

Bowles, Neil H., C. S. B., Atlanta, Georgia

Broones, Martin, C. S. B., Beverly Hills, California

Campbell, Gordon F., C. S. B., Los Angeles,

Carr, Charles M., C. S. B., Montclair, New Jersey

Cern, Jules, C. S., Scarsdale, New York

Cessna, Ralph W., C. S. B., Evanston, Illinois

Cousins, Francis William, C. S. B., Manchester,

Exo, Arnold H., C. S. B., Evanston, Illinois

Gale, Mrs. Mary Wellington, C. S. B., San Francisco,

Glendon, Richard L., C. S., Los Angeles, California

Harrison, Miss Hazel R., C. S., Santa Monica,

Hay, Mrs. Ella H., C. S., Indianapolis, Indiana

Hord, Frank T., C. S., Washington, D. C.

Irwin, Howard H., C. S., San Bernardino, California

Pickett, John D., C. S., Chicago, Illinois

Plimmer, Geith A., C. S., London, England

Price, Mrs. Naomi, C. S., London, England

Reilly, Charles Louis, C. S. B., Los Angeles, California

Rieke, Herbert E., C. S. B., Indianapolis, Indiana

Riley, Wilson M., C. S. B., Kansas City, Missouri

Slaughter, Elbert R., C. S., Dallas, Texas

Smith, Gordon H., C. S. B., Milwaukee, Wisconsin
Tennant, Mrs. Georgina, C. S. B., London, England

Velguth, Mrs. Gertrude E., C. S., Flint, Michigan

Wavro, Paul K., C. S. B., Jacksonville, Florida

Ziegenhagen, Otto G., C. S. B., Chicago, Illinois

As is generally known throughout the Field, it has become an established custom after they have served continuously for a number of years, for members of The Christian Science Board of Lectureship to retire for a period during which they may engage exclusively in the study and practice of Christian Science. The Christian Science Board of Directors announces that, in accordance with this procedure, those named below will take time for this purpose beginning July 1, 1961:
W. Norman Cooper
J. Hamilton Lewis
Robert S. Van Atta

Miss Florence Middaugh, of Los Angeles, California, and Mrs. Elisabeth Carroll Scott, of Memphis, Tennessee, have signified a desire not to be re-elected to membership on the Board of Lectureship in order that they may devote their time to the work of teaching and practicing Christian Science.

New Members of The Christian Science Board of Lectureship

Martin Broones, C. S. B., of Beverly Hills, California, is a native of New York City. He attended the College of the City of New York and Columbia University and studied at the Royal College of Music in London, England.

Mr. Broones became a member of The Mother Church in 1942 and of First Church of Christ, Scientist, Beverly Hills, California, in 1944. He has served his branch church in many activities, including president of the church and chairman of its executive board.

Mr. Broones received Primary class instruction in Christian Science in 1943 and retired from business in 1948 to devote his entire time to the practice of Christian Science healing.

In 1958 Mr. Broones was a member of the Normal class in the Board of Education and became an authorized teacher of Christian Science.

Gordon F. Campbell, C. S.B., of Los Angeles, California, is a native of Glendale, California. He attended the public schools there and is a graduate of the University of California at Los Angeles.

In 1953 Mr. Campbell retired from his work as a voice teacher to devote all his time to the practice of Christian Science healing. He was the son of Christian Science parents and first became active in branch church work at the age of sixteen; in college he was a member of the Christian Science Organization.

He first joined a branch church in 1926 and has served as soloist, chairman of the executive board, First Reader, and in other capacities. He is now a member of First Church of Christ, Scientist, Santa Monica, California. In 1928 he became a member of The Mother Church and received Primary class instruction in 1944.

In 1958 Mr. Campbell was a member of the Normal class in the Board of Education and became an authorized teacher of Christian Science.

Miss Hazel R. Harrison, C. S., of Santa Monica, California, is a native of Pomona, California. She attended the University of California at Los Angeles and the University of Southern California. She holds the degree of Bachelor of Science in Speech. For some years she taught English and public speaking in the schools of Arizona and California.

Miss Harrison became interested in Christian Science at an early age and attended the Christian Science Sunday School. She became a member of The Mother Church in 1927 and received Primary class instruction in 1936. She has served as a Christian Science nurse, and in 1952 she entered the public practice of Christian Science. She has served her branch church as Second Reader, a member of the executive board, and in other capacities. She has been a frequent contributor to the Christian Science periodicals.

Howard H. Irwin, C. S., of San Bernardino, California, is a native of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. He holds degrees of A.B. and A. M. from the University of Southern California.

During World War II he served with the United States Military Intelligence Service in Europe, prior to which he had taught in public and private high schools in California.

Mr. Irwin joined The Mother Church in 1936 and received Primary class instruction in 1940. He has served in a branch church as president, member of the executive board, First Reader, and in other capacities. He is now a member of First Church of Christ, Scientist, San Bernardino, California. He entered the public practice of Christian Science in 1946. For seven years he served as Christian Science Minister for the Armed Services in San Bernardino and Riverside Counties, California.

Geith A. Plimmer, C. S., was born in Perth, Western Australia. At an early age he returned with his family to New Zealand, where he received most of his education. Mr. Plimmer became interested in Christian Science in 1927 while studying for his degree at the University of Adelaide, South Australia. He joined First Church of Christ, Scientist, Adelaide, in 1929 and became a member of The Mother Church in 1930. Two years later he joined Eleventh Church, London, England, and in the same year received Primary class instruction in Christian Science. Since 1934, after ten years in the teaching profession, he has devoted his entire time to the practice of Christian Science. He has served his branch church in various capacities, including those of First Reader and chairman of the board.

In 1943 Mr. Plimmer was appointed Christian Science Officiating Minister to the Allied Forces in Italy. For some years he was a member of the Committee on Christian Science Houses for England, Scotland, and Wales. In 1954 he was appointed to serve as District Manager of Committees on Publication for Great Britain and Ireland.

Gordon H. Smith, C. S. B., of Milwaukee, Wisconsin, was born in Chicago, Illinois. He is a graduate of The Principia, St. Louis, Missouri, and attended the University of Chicago.

His family became interested in Christian Science when he was a small child, and he attended Sunday School from an early age. Mr. Smith became a member of The Mother Church in 1929 and in the same year received Primary class instruction. In 1946 he began to give time to the healing work, and in 1955 he disposed of his business interests to devote himself entirely to the practice of Christian Science.

He has served his branch church as a member of the executive board, as First Reader, and in many other capacities. He has been Committee on Publication for the state of Wisconsin since 1952. In 1958 Mr. Smith was a member of the Normal class in the Board of Education and since that time has been an authorized teacher of Christian Science.

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